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Table 1 Patients and injury characteristics, clinical features and facility stay

From: The severe traumatic brain injury in Austria: early rehabilitative treatment and outcome

  Group A (n = 16) Group B (n = 34) Group C (n = 12)   (n = 62a)
Parameter   mean ± SD   p-value* n total
Age 37.31 ± 10.92 (n = 16) 37.83 ± 13.43 (n = 34) 47.56 ± 11.98 (n = 10) 0.061 60
GCS 5.07 ± 2.19 (n = 15) 5.86 ± 3.35 (n = 20) 6.70 ± 3.62 (n = 11) 0.568 46
PTAb 40.14 ± 26.46 (n = 14) 23.07 ± 10.63c (n = 28) 45.00 ± 28.65 (n = 6) 0.039 48
days to rehab. center 39.31 ± 18.50d 81.34 ± 53.42 80.45 ± 33.38 <0.001 62
urgent tract/d 53.13 ± 60.38 27.11 ± 54.94d 82.45 ± 57.54 0.001 62
days of rehab. 103.38 ± 49.46 85.74 ± 44.91 104.82 ± 37.64 0.304 62
Total/d 143.25 ± 56.37 158.51 ± 87.01 175.55 ± 50.67 0.325 62
AFIM 89.13 ± 44.99 (n = 16) 119.06 ± 37.01d (n = 34) 85.60 ± 32.43 (n = 11) 0.005 61
DFIM 127.25 ± 32.91 (n = 16) 125.54 ± 36.05 (n = 34) 122.40 ± 20.90 (n = 11) 0.149 61
GOSE 4.94 ± 1.29 5.29 ± 1.34 3.91 ± 1.04d 0.004 62
  1. an total of groups
  2. bPTA was in 12 cases delimitable and in two cases (both Group C) unknown
  3. csignificantly different from A
  4. dsignificantly different (post-hoc analysis)
  5. *One-way ANOVA