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Table 4 Characteristics of participants by response scores to the PCL-S PTSD self-assessment test at month 1 and month 4

From: Routine versus ad hoc screening for acute stress following injury: who would benefit and what are the opportunities for prevention

Variable Symptom + (n = 14) month 1 Symptom - (n = 42) month 1 p value Symptom + (n = 12) month 4 Symptom - (n = 31) month 4 p value
Socio-demographic factors       
Mean (SD) age (years) 45 (20) 46 (19) 0.81 45 (15) 49 (20) 0.50
Male 6 (42) 33 (78) 0.03 8 (67) 22 (71) 1.00
Having no high school diploma 3 (21) 3 (7) 0.32 2 (17) 3 (10) 0.91
Unemployed at time of injury 2 (14) 6 (14) 1.00 2 (17) 4 (13) 1.00
Currently living alone 3 (21) 10 (24) 1.00 1 (8) 5 (16) 0.86
Living in rented housing 10 (71) 24 (57) 0.53 6 (50) 18 (58) 0.89
Health status factors       
Treated for anxiety or depression in the last year 3 (21) 8 (19) 1.00 4 (33) 3 (10) 0.17
Has consulted with GP/care provider 6 (54) 11 (38) 0.55 10 (91) 11 (42) 0.02
Currently taking medication for stress 7 (50) 15 (36) 0.53 5 (42) 3 (10) 0.05
Feel as healthy as prior to injury 3 (21) 8 (19) 1.00 4 (33) 3 (10) 0.17
Had not expected pain to still be present 12 (85) 33 (78) 0.85 9 (75) 27 (87) 0.61
Has experienced barriers obtaining care 1 (7) 2 (5) 1.00 5 (42) 2 (6) 0.02
Injury-related factors       
Positive blood alcohol (BAC) upon admission 1 (8) 6 (16) 0.86 2 (18) 3 (11) 0.92
Positive toxicology result upon admission 1 (8) 5 (13) 1.00 1 (9) 2 (7) 1.00
Mean (SD) Injury severity score (ISS) 15 (14) 24 (12) 0.03 18 (14) 24 (12) 0.24
Cause of injury was intentional 2 (17) 2 (5) 0.48 2 (17) 1 (3) 0.41
  1. Values reported are counts (% of group total) unless otherwise stated.