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Table 2 Incidence of pre-hospital interventions stratified according to trauma severity and in total

From: Propensity for performing interventions in pre-hospital trauma management – a comparison between physicians and non-physicians

  ISS 10-15 ISS 16-24 ISS > 24 Total
Intervention ALS only (n = 38) PHAT (n = 31) p ALS only (n = 47) PHAT (n = 25) p ALS only (n = 31) PHAT (n = 30) p ALS only (n = 116) PHAT (n = 86) p
Nasal airway 2 1 1.0 1 0 1.0 0 2 0.24 3 3 0.70
Oral airway 0 1 0.45 3 1 1.0 2 3 0.67 5 5 0.75
Endotrach. intubation 0 0 - 3 2 1.0 5 12 0.038 8 14 0.034
Neck-immob. 32 27 0.74 32 20 0.28 25 21 0.33 89 68 0.69
Spine board 30 23 0.64 26 17 0.30 24 18 0.14 80 58 0.82
Immob. of extremity 2 5 0.23 1 2 0.28 2 4 0.43 5 11 0.027
Crystalline fluids 13 15 0.23 14 11 0.23 19 19 0.87 46 45 0.074
Colloid fluids 0 0 - 0 1 0.35 0 2 0.24 0 3 0.076
Hypertonic solution 0 0 - 0 0 - 0 1 0.49 0 1 0.24
  1. Chi2 and Fisher’s exact test used for comparing incidence.