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Table 3 Analysis of mechanism, pattern and outcomes of traumatic abdominal injury

From: Compartmental anatomical classification of traumatic abdominal injuries from the academic point of view and its potential clinical implication

  Overall ITC RPC TAC PAC P value
Patients (%) 927 604 (65) 138(15) 117(13) 68(7) 0.001
Age (mean ± SD) 30.6 ± 13 29.2 ± 13 30 ± 12 34.4 ± 11 34.2 ± 13 0.001
Males (%) 93 92 92 97 96 0.29
Expatriates (%) 84 61 69 75 81 0.001
Mechanisms of injury
Blunt (%) 95 96 95 86 94 0.001
MVC (%) 57 61 61 58 39 0.001 for all
Fall from height (%) 25 24 21 16 40
Stab wound (%) 3.3 2 5 11 0.0
Fall of HO (%) 7% 5 4 8 15
Associated injuries
Head injury (%) 24 28 31 11 10 0.001
Lung injury (%) 25 33 22 11 8 0.001
Rib fracture (%) 32 41 30 10 10 0.001
Hemothorax (%) 10 13 11 3 5 0.009
Retrop hematoma (%) 7.7 9 7 13 12 0.41
Pelvic hematoma (%) 9 3 5 3 13 0.001
Cardiac injury (%) 1.1 2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.31
ISS (mean ± SD) 18 ± 10 18.7 ± 10 18.7 ± 12 15 ± 10 13 ± 7 0.001
Abdominal AIS (median, range) 2(1–5) 2(1–5) 2(2–5) 3(2–5) 2(2–4) 0.002
Head AIS (median, range) 3(1–5) 3(1–5) 3(2–5) 3(2–5) 1(0–4) 0.001
  1. HO = heavy object, ER = emergency room; MVC: Motor vehicle crash; HO: heavy object; ISS: Injury Severity score; AIS: Abbreviated injury score.