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Table 1 Overall clinical profiles of abdominal injury nationals and expatriates

From: Compartmental anatomical classification of traumatic abdominal injuries from the academic point of view and its potential clinical implication

  Nationals (16%) Expatriates (84%) P value
Age (mean ± SD) 26 ± 15 32 ± 12 0.001
Male (%) 92 93 0.54
Traffic-related (%) 79 53 0.001 for all
Fall from height (%) 6 29
Fall of heavy objects (%) 0.6 8
Head injury (%) 30 23 0.03
Lung injury (%) 33 24 0.01
Cardiac injury (%) 1.8 0.9 0.31
Intrathoracic AC (%) 77 63 0.001 for all
Retroperitoneal AC (%) 14 15
True abdomen AC (%) 7 13
Pelvic AC (%) 1.3 9
ISS mean ± SD 18 ± 11 17 ± 10 0.43
HLOS (median, range) 6 (1–134) 8 (1–410) 0.03
ICU (median, range) 3 (1–39) 3 (1–150) 0.48
Blood transfusion (%) 14 20 0.09
Abdominal AIS (median, range) 2 (2–5) 2 (1–5) 0.04
Mortality (%) 8.5 8.1 0.86
  1. AC = abdominal compartment.