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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics and short-term outcomes in older patients with hip fracture by anatomical site

From: Clinical profiles and risk factors for outcomes in older patients with cervical and trochanteric hip fracture: similarities and differences

Characteristics Total group
(n = 761)
Cervical HF
(n = 444)
Trochanteric
(n = 317)
P value
Age, years (mean ± SD) 82.3 ± 8.8 81.7 ± 8.2 83.1 ± 9.5 0.034
Age, females, years (mean ± SD) 82.6 ± 7.7 81.9 ± 7.8 83.1 ± 7.5 0.143
Age, males, years (mean ± SD) 80.6 ± 8.3 81.5 ± 7.3 79.8 ± 9.1 0.359
Females, % 74.9 74.8 75.1 0.489
Admitted from long-term RCF, % 30.3 31.3 29.3 0.705
ASA score ≥ 3, % 72.9 71.1 75.0 0.497
Coronary artery disease, % 22.8 23.8 21.3 0.435
Previous myocardial infarction, % 5.3 4.8 6.1 0.431
Hypertension, % 44.5 44.8 44.1 0.855
Atrial fibrillation, % 13.2 11.6 15.4 0.136
History of stroke, % 13.5 14.4 12.5 0.643
TIA, % 7.4 7.5 7.3 0.942
Dementia, % 29.1 28.5 29.9 0.670
Diabetes mellitus, % 16.3 17.1 15.5 0.709
COPD, % 11.4 10.2 13.1 0.220
Parkinson's disease, % 4.4 6.3 1.6 0.002
Current smoker, % 5.4 5.2 5.7 0.752
Ex-smoker, % 9.5 10.6 8.0 0.218
*Alcohol over user, % 5.5 6.1 4.8 0.431
User of walking device, % 34.5 33.5 36.0 0.476
CRP, mg/L 130.6 ± 82.1 134.9 ± 90.7 126.0 ± 71.7 0.356
Post-operative Tnl > 0.06 μg/L, % 27.0 29.5 24.5 0.343
CRP > 100 mg/L % 61.2 61.6 60.7 0.878
LOS , days (mean ± SD) 22.4 ± 23.4 20.9 ± 22.6 24.3 ± 24.4 0.054
LOS ≥ 20 days, % 31.7 28.3 35.3 0.206
New discharges to long-term RCF, % 49.0 48.1 490 0.787
In-hospital death, % 4.9 5.3 4.2 0.676
  1. *Three or more times per week.
  2. RCF, residential care facility; TIA, transient ischaemic attack; ASA, American Society of Anaesthesiologists; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; LOS, length of stay; cTnI, cardiac troponin I; CRP, C-reactive protein; RCF, residential care facility.