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Table 2 Pre-existing comorbidities.

From: Treatment course and outcomes following drug and alcohol-related traumatic injuries

A. Pre-existing comorbidities associated with alcohol-related trauma incidents
Comorbidity (NTDB Description) Number of Incidents Odds Ratio 1 (95% CI)
   Chronic Alcohol Abuse 5,455 9.72 (9.02,10.48)
   Documented History of Cirrhosis 250 2.48 (1.89,3.26)
   Acquired Coagulopathy 121 2.23 (1.48,3.31)
   Chronic Pulmonary Condition 277 1.90 (1.45,2.49)
   COPD 1,051 1.42 (1.22,1.65)
   Chronic Drug Abuse 1,091 1.18 (1.05,1.34)
B. Pre-existing comorbidities associated with drug-related incidents
Comorbidity (NTDB Description) Number of Incidents Odds Ratio (95% CI)
   Chronic Drug Abuse 5,079 7.80 (7.11,8.56)
   HIV/AIDS 295 2.38 (1.83,3.11)
   Organic Brain Syndrome 47 2.13 (1.17,3.89)
   Chronic Alcohol Abuse 2,582 1.42 (1.30,1.54)
   COPD 1,304 1.40 (1.24,1.58)
   Documented History of Cirrhosis 235 1.34 (1.02,1.80)
   History of Psychiatric Disorders 6,045 1.33 (1.26,1.41)
C. Pre-existing comorbidities associated with alcohol-and-drug related incidents
Comorbidity (NTDB Description) Number of Incidents Odds Ratio (95% CI)
   Chronic Alcohol Abuse 6,839 7.35 (6.82,7.92)
   Chronic Drug Abuse 5,004 7.65 (6.97,8.40)
   Documented History of Cirrhosis 249 1.97 (1.46,2.65)
   HIV/AIDS 250 1.99 (1.48,2.66)
  1. 1. All odds ratios are significant at the α = 0.01 level.