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Table 2 The 209 patients with pelvic fractures and their injuries categorised according to the Abbreviated Injury Scale-90 severity codes and body regions. This classification offers a comprehensive and reproducible overview of the encountered spectrum of severity and the multiplicity of injuries.

From: Patients with pelvic fractures due to falls: A paradigm that contributed to autopsy-based audit of trauma in Greece

  Total ISS ≥ 16 to < 75,
163 (78%) patients
(potentially preventable deaths)
ISS = 75,
46 (22%) patients (nonpreventable deaths)
AIS-90
anatomic regions
AIS1-6:
2,369 injuries,
in
209 patients.
N, (%)
AIS3: 461
injuries,
in
153
patients,
N, (%)
AIS4:
224 injuries, in
131 patients.
N, (%)
AIS5:
190 injuries, in
119 patients.
N, (%)
AIS 3 + 4 + 5: 875
injuries,
in
163
patients.
N, (%)
AIS1-5:
554
injuries,
in
46
patients.
N, (%)
AIS6:
55
injuries,
in
42
patients.
N, (%)
1. Head        
Injuries 328 (13.8) 119
(25.8)
45 (20.1) 6
(3.2)
170
(19.4)
68
(12.3)
17
(30.9)
Patients 155 (74.2) 92
(60.1)
30 (22.9) 5
(4.2)
95
(58.3)
29
(63)
17
(40.5)
2. Face        
Injuries 231 (9.7) 2
(0.4)
2
(0.9)
0
(0)
4
(0.5)
53
(9.6)
0
(0)
Patients 110 (52.6) 2
(1.3)
2
(1.5)
0
(0)
4
(2.4)
26
(56.5)
0
(0)
3. Neck        
Injuries 16
(0.7)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.5)
1
(0.1)
2
(0.4)
0
(0)
Patients 14
(6.7)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.8)
1 (0.6) 2
(4.3)
0
(0)
4. Thorax        
Injuries 492 (20.8) 42
(9.1)
96 (42.9) 139 (73.2) 277
(31.7)
106 (19.1) 16
(29.1)
Patients 191 (91.4) 39
(25.5)
84 (64.1) 93 (78.1) 130
(79.7)
42
(91.3)
16
(38.1)
5. Abdominal & pelvic contents        
Injuries 313 (13.2) 81
(17.6)
66 (29.5) 3
(1.6)
150
(17.1)
70
(12.6)
8
(14.5)
Patients 153 (73.2) 71
(46.4)
63 (48.1) 3
(2.5)
99
(60.7)
35
(76.1)
7
(16.7)
6. Spine        
Injuries 103 (4.3) 15
(3.2)
2 (0.9) 12
(6.3)
29
(3.3)
25
(4.5)
14
(25.4)
Patients 68 (32.5) 13
(8.5)
2 (1.5) 11
(9.2)
26
(15.9)
15
(32.6)
11
(26.2)
7. Upper extremities        
Injuries 286 (12.1) 43
(9.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
43
(4.9)
78
(14.1)
0
(0)
Patients 136 (65.1) 20
(13.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
20
(12.3)
34
(73.9)
0
(0)
8. Lower extremities
(all injuries)
       
Injuries 570 (24.1) 159
(34.5)
13
(5.8)
28 (14.7) 200
(22.9)
145 (26.2) 0
(0)
Patients 209 (100) 105
(68.6)
13
(9.9)
28 (23.5) 133
(81.6)
46
(100)
0
(0)
8. Lower extremities
(Pelvic fracture codes only) 8.5.26.**.*, 8.5.28.**.*, 8.5.30.**.*)
       
Injuries 214
(9)
79
(17.1)
13
(5.8)
28 (14.7) 120
(13.7)
47
(8.5)
0
(0)
Patients 209 (100) 77
(50.3)
13
(9.9)
28 (23.5) 118
(72.4)
46
(100)
0
(0)
9. External        
Injuries 30
(1.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.5)
1
(0.1)
7
(1.3)
0
(0)
Patients 17
(8.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.8)
1
(0.6)
3
(6.5)
0
(0)
  1. *The asterisks that follow the AIS-90 codes indicate that the complete range of injuries was included; AIS-90: Abbreviated Injury Scale, 1990 revision; ISS: Injury Severity Score.