Skip to main content

Table 5 Summary of Studies Reporting Permanent IVC Filters Complications in a Trauma Population

From: Complications related to deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis in trauma: a systematic review of the literature

Study Filter Type No. Patients Insertion Complications* Filter Migration Caval Occlusion IVC Penetration
Greenfield et al. 2000[59] 53% - Titanium GF 385 - Initial 24/385 (6%) 6/293 (2%) 7/293 (2.4%) 2/293 (0.6%)
  47% - Stainless Steel GF 293 - Follow-up     
Patton et al. 1996[60] 100% - Titanium GF 110 - Initial 8/110 (7%) 1/110 (0.9%) 0/30 (0%) -
   30 - Follow-up     
Langan et al. 1999[46] Titanium (not reproted %) 187 - Initial 3/187 (1.6%) 0/75 (0%) 0/70 (0%) 1/70 (1.4%)
  Stainless Steel 75 - Follow-up     
Rogers et al. 1998[49] 70% - Titanium GF 132 -Initial 4/132 (3%) - 1/47 (2%) -
  16% - Stainless Steel GF 47 - Follow-up     
  8% - Vena Tech Filter      
  6% - Bird's Nest Filter      
Rodriguez et al. 1996[47] 100% - Titanium GF 40 - Total - - 4/40 (10%) -
TOTAL    39/814 (4.8%) 7/473 (1.5%) 12/480 (2.5%) 3/363 (0.8%)
  1. *Insertion Complications: Hematoma, Insertion Site DVT, Arterial Puncture, Pneumothorax, Misplaced IVC Filter, Deployment Errors, Puncture Site Infection
  2. Note: GF = Greenfield Filter