Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Pattern of lesions observed

From: Sledding injuries: is safety in this winter pastime overlooked? A three-year survey in South-Tyrol

HEAD AND SPINE Total number of lesions (%) A.I.S.* N. of lesions in adult population (%) N. of lesions in pediatric population (%)
Minor head trauma (no neurological signs) 40 (10) 1 21 (7) 19 (19)
Brain concussion (nerological signs with negative CT) 16 (4) 2 13 (4.5) 3 (3)
Intracranial lesion 2 (0.5) 3(1), 5(1) 2 (0.7) 0
Facial fracture 5 (1.5) 1(3), 2(2) 4 (1) 1 (1)
Cervical sprain/vertebral contusion (without fracture) 28 (7.5) 1 21 (7) 7 (7)
Vertebral fracture 10 (3) 2(9), 3(1) 9 (3) 1 (1)
Spinal lesion 1 (<0.5) 4 1 (<0.5) 0
UPPER EXTREMITY     
Contusion (shoulder/arm/forearm/hand) 30 (8) 1 19 (6) 11 (11)
Shoulder dislocation 3 (1) 3 2 (0.7) 1 (1)
Clavicular fracture 3 (1) 2 1 (<0.5) 2 (2)
Humerus fracture 2 (0.5) 2(1), 3(1) 0 2 (2)
Forearm/wrist fracture 10 (3) 2(8), 3(2) 5 (2) 5 (5)
Hand/finger fracture 6 (1.5) 1 4 (1) 2 (2)
LOWER EXTREMITY     
Contusion (thigh/leg/foot) 21 (5.5) 1 13 (4.5) 8 (8)
Femur fracture 2 (0.5) 3 2 (0.7) 0
Leg/ankle fracture 34 (9) 2 (25), 3(9) 28 (10) 6 (6)
Knee sprain (with severe ligaments involvement) 11 (3) 2 11 (4) 0
Knee sprain (without or minor ligaments involvement) 38 (10) 1 32 (11) 6 (6)
Ankle dislocation 2 (0.5) 3 2 (0.7) 0
Ankle sprain 45 (11.5) 1 39 (13.5) 6 (6)
Foot/toe fracture 5 (1.5) 1 4 (1) 1 (1)
CHEST/ABDOMEN/PELVIS     
Contusion 18 (4.5) 1 15 (5) 3 (3)
Rib fracture 20 (5) 1(18), 2(2) 18 (6) 2 (2)
Hemo- and/or pneumothorax 1 (<0.5) 3 1 0
Internal abdominal injury 2 (0.5) 3 1 1 (1)
OPEN SKIN WOUND     
Face/head 19 (5) 1(17), 2(2) 10 (3.5) 9 (9)
Upper/lower extremity 12 (3) 1(10), 2(2) 9 (3) 3 (3)
Abdominal wall wound 1 (<0.5) 2 1 0
  1. * A.I.S.: Abbreviated Injury Score. When two scores are applied to the same lesion, the number in parenthesis indicates the number of patients with the same score.